By John Foran

Century Of Revolution: Social pursuits in Iran (Social events, Protest an...

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22 Many people believed that the solution to both the problem of peasant poverty and the budget deficit was extensive land reform. But the tax and land reforms the parliament adopted in the early spring of 1907 were aimed at balancing the deficit-ridden budget and improving the treasury rather than ameliorating the situation of the peasants. No provisions for distribution or sale of land to the peasants or steps to lessen government taxes were taken by the First Majlis. The grievances of peasants and workers were addressed by the Anjumans of the Mujahidin in a program they adopted in the fall of 1907.

Law is the law of religion and not the laws of the Europeans! Woe to those Ulemas who will not co-operate with the nation! Woe to those who will not spend their lives and property! Anyone of the Ulemas who will not agree with the people will lose his life. Woe to anyone who may sell one muskal of Tobacco to the Europeans! Woe to the Europeans who may wish to enforce these customs of the Infidels. We will kill the Europeans first, and then plunder their property. Woe to the Armenians, who will be killed, and will lose their property and their families!

81. 41. : Princeton University Press, 1982), 56-57, citing Reza Sheikholeslami, "The Sale of Offices in Qajar Iran, 1858-1896," Iranian Studies 4 (Spring-Summer 1971): 104-18. 42. Floor, "The Merchants," 176; see also Lord George Curzon, Persia and the Persian Question, vol. 1 (London: Longman, Green, 1892), 573; Issawi, The Economic History of Iran, 71-72. 43. Floor, "The Merchants," 130; Issawi, The Economic History of Iran, 259. 44. Cited in Abrahamian, Iran between Two Revolutions, 59. 45.

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