By Martin Zammit

This paintings doesn't goal to be an etymological dictionary of Qur'anic Arabic, nor does it try and recommend a few new genetic class of the Semitic languages. quite, it deals insights into the interior lexical relationships attested in a few Semitic types inside of Qur'anic Arabic (seventh century AD). The paintings relies on a quantitative research of a considerable corpus of the Arabic lexicon on the way to investigating lexical relationships inside a couple of Semitic languages. Qur'anic Arabic is the resource of a lexical mass comparability workout regarding Akkadian, Ugaritic, Aramaic, Syriac, Hebrew, Phoenician, Epigraphic South Arabian and Ge'ez. in addition, the lexical hyperlinks pointed out during this examine are in themselves linguistic symptoms of many of the levels of cultural proximity characterising a number of the Semitic languages.

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Arab warriors fought against Alexander the Great during the siege of Tyre. 21 It was in Petra lD The Nabataeans spoke a variety of ancient Arabic, but had adopted Aramaic as their written language. D. C. ". . " 16 Eph'al 1982: 8. It is only during the 1st c. D. that reference to 'Arabs' is made in inscriptions from the region of the kingdom of Sheba. 17 Eph'al 1982: 9. 18 Eph'al 1982: 9. 19 Briquel-Chatonnet 1992: 39-40. 20 Cf. the Hatra inscriptions (2nd~3rd c. ). 22 Some scholars, like Blau, portray the Arabs in the Arabian peninsula as living "..

24 Among the principal commercial routes were: 1. Yatrib - Ha'il - an-Nagaf; 2. Yatrib Haybar - Fadak - Tema3 and thence to Duma - Babylon, or to Tabuk Ma'an, or alternatively to Sirhan - 'Amman; 3. Yatrib - al-cula - Tabuk - Ma'an. D. 244; and the relations of Zenobia, queen of Palmyra, with the philosopher Longinus. The Arabs' assimilation of foreign cosmopolitan ideas and models is also reflected in the sphere of art, as the architectural achievements in Nabataean Petra and in Palmyra clearly testify.

26 Anarchy took over and most of the region reverted to the previous bedouin form of existence. D. 525, precipitated the destabilization process. 28 Moreover, the presence in Mecca of the most important Arabian tribal shrine, greatly enhanced this city's prestige. 1 The Arabic Language The earliest attestations It is indeed amazing that a literary form of Arabic, the language which boasts to have preserved much of the original Semitic inher26 Bulliet 1975: 104 explains that Christianity was responsible, to some extent, for this decrease in demand, requiring less incense for its rituals than the pagan or Judaist ones.

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