By Peter Beal

This is often the 1st Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology ever to be released. facing the topic of documentation--which impacts everyone's lives (from every-day letters, notes, and purchasing lists, to far-reaching felony tools, if no longer autograph literary masterpieces) Peter Beal defines, in a full of life and available type, a few 1,500 phrases when it comes to manuscripts and their productio and use in Britain from 1450 to the current day. The entries, which diversity in size from one line to just about 100 strains each one, hide phrases defining different types of manuscript, their actual positive factors and fabrics, writing implements, writing surfaces, scribes and different writing brokers, scripts, postal marking, and seals, in addition to matters when it comes to literature, bibliography, records, palaeography, the modifying and printing of manuscripts, courting, conservation, and such fields as cartography, trade, heraldry, legislations, and army and naval concerns. The e-book contains ninety six illustrations exhibiting a number of the positive factors defined.

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Extra info for A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology: 1450 to 2000

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The term is perhaps most commonly used to denote a document in which is set out the details of a debt, charge, or obligation to pay money (see Illus. 10). In a legal context, a bill is commonly a petition or complaint. 34 Some particular types of bill are: Bill of complaint: a formal, written petition or declaration to a monarch, lord chancellor, or other civil, legal or ecclesiastical authority—most commonly to a bill court (such as Chancery, Star Chamber, or the equity side of Exchequer)—in which a person (the plaintiV ) makes a complaint against someone (the defendant) for an alleged wrong or injury and requests justice or redress, thereby initiating a lawsuit.

Assignment As a legal document, an assignment eVects or authorizes the transference from one person or party to another of a right, interest (such as a leasehold or mortgage), or title to property. assizes ‘Assizes’, or ‘courts of assize’, are terms derived from Old French meaning ‘sittings’, or ‘sitting’, and denote a type of law court held in various towns in England and, from the time of Henry VIII onwards, also in Wales, on a visiting basis. By the late thirteenth century, they had largely replaced the earlier eyre courts (their name derived from the Latin iter, ‘journey’).

13 Manuscript almanacs, by contrast, could be very elaborate, being, for instance, volumes of vellum leaves, neatly written and decorated in diVerent coloured inks, with tables and solar diagrams. The Wrst printed almanac, produced by Gutenberg, dates from as early as 1448, the Wrst English one, a translation imported from Flanders, appearing in 1493, after which period they became extremely popular throughout Europe. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in England, especially during the political and religious controversies from about 1640 to 1700, almanacs produced by Richard Allestree, John Gadbury, William Lilly, Thomas Gallen, and others were probably the most widely produced and distributed type of printed book after the Bible.

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