By Harry Henderson
This complete A-to-Z biographical dictionary explores the various workforce of inventors, scientists, marketers, and visionaries within the machine technological know-how box. The state of the art, modern entries and knowledge at the laptop provide a glimpse into not just their force but additionally their demanding situations in making a new type of company and a brand new type of tradition.
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Additional info for A to Z of Computer Scientists. Notable Scientists [biographies]
The $5 million coming in from these deals turned out not to be enough to pay the expenses of developing the software. Investors decided that Case had bitten off more than he could chew and called for his firing. However, chief executive officer Jim Kimsey stuck by him. Gradually the company began to sign up enough on-line subscribers to become profitable. Six years later the company changed its name to America Online (AOL). Like Amazon’s JEFFREY P. BEZOS would do a few years later, Case decided to expand the company’s user base as fast as possible.
In the original vision for the Web, users would create Web pages as easily as they could read them, using software no more complicated than a word processor. While there are programs today that hide the details of HTML coding and allow easier Web page creation, Berners-Lee feels the Web must become even easier to use if it is to be a truly interactive, open-ended knowledge system. He believes that users should be empowered to become active participants in the creation of knowledge, not just passive recipients.
By December 1990, the first Web server was running within the CERN community. By the summer of 1991, Web servers had begun to appear throughout the worldwide Internet. Between 1990 and 1993, word of the Web spread throughout the academic community as Web software was written for more computer platforms. As demand grew for a body to standardize and shape the evolution of the Web, Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) in 1994. Through a process of user feedback and refinement, the standards for addresses (URLs), the transmission protocol (HTTP), and the hypertext markup language (HTML) were firmly established.