By Rita Chin, Heide Fehrenbach, Geoff Eley, Atina Grossmann
"After the Nazi Racial nation deals a complete, persuasive, and impressive argument in desire of constructing 'race' a extra vital analytical classification for the writing of post-1945 historical past. this is often a very vital venture, and the quantity certainly has the aptitude to reshape the sphere of post-1945 German history."---Frank Biess, college of California, San DiegoWhat occurred to "race," race considering, and racial differences in Germany, and Europe extra greatly, after the loss of life of the Nazi racial kingdom? This ebook investigates the afterlife of "race" given that 1945 and demanding situations the long-dominant assumption between historians that it disappeared from public discourse and policy-making with the defeat of the 3rd Reich and its genocidal ecu empire. Drawing on case reviews of Afro-Germans, Jews, and Turks---arguably the 3 most crucial minority groups in postwar Germany---the authors aspect continuities and alter around the 1945 divide and provide the beginnings of a heritage of race and racialization after Hitler. a last bankruptcy strikes past the German context to think about the postwar engagement with "race" in France, Britain, Sweden, and the Netherlands, the place waves of postwar, postcolonial, and hard work migration stricken nativist notions of nationwide and eu identity.After the Nazi Racial kingdom poses interpretative questions for the old figuring out of postwar societies and democratic transformation, either in Germany and all through Europe. It elucidates key analytical different types, historicizes present discourse, and demonstrates how modern debates approximately immigration and integration---and approximately simply how a lot "difference" a democracy can accommodate---are implicated in an extended background of "race." This booklet explores why the idea that of "race" grew to become taboo as a device for knowing German society after 1945. such a lot crucially, it indicates the social and epistemic results of this decided retreat from "race" for Germany and Europe as a whole.Rita Chin is affiliate Professor of historical past on the collage of Michigan.Heide Fehrenbach is Presidential learn Professor at Northern Illinois University.Geoff Eley is Karl Pohrt amazing college Professor of latest background on the collage of Michigan.Atina Grossmann is Professor of historical past at Cooper Union.Cover representation: Human eye, © Stockexpert.com.
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Additional resources for After the Nazi Racial State: Difference and Democracy in Germany and Europe (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany)
Defeat in the spring of 1945 brought military occupation and the victorious Allies’ mandate for Germans to denazify and democratize themselves, their society, and their polity. The ‹rst decades after the war were dominated by debates regarding self-de‹nition as contemporaries were forced to grapple with the question of what it would it mean to be German after Hitler and the Holocaust. Second, debates about national self-de‹nition necessarily involved confronting issues of race since Germany was occupied by the multiethnic armies of enemy nations.
The consequences of the Nazi imperializing project in Europe are only beginning to be explored by historians, and more attention needs to be devoted to the war’s aftermath as a constitutive period of contemporary Germany and Europe. 58 By war’s end, Europeans as a whole engaged in the project of reordering national societies. With the explicit agreement of Western democratic nations like the United States and Britain, mass expulsions of ethnic Germans occurred from Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia, Poland, and the Baltic states.
9 The same did not hold true for Aryan men, who retained the license to engage in interracial sex and wartime rape provided it was nonreproductive. 12 German defeat and the in›ux of occupation forces ended a decade of prescribed Aryan exclusivity in white German women’s heterosexual relations. What came home to the Germans after 1945 was not just their former state enemies, but their declared racial enemies as well: Blacks, Jews, Slavs, and other so-called “Asiatics” who served in Allied armies or were liberated as slave laborers, POWs, or concentration and death camp inmates.