By Frances Gouda
The results of a Fulbright senior study fellowship celebrating the simultaneous fiftieth anniversaries of the Fulbright trade beginning and the Indonesian Republic, this e-book bargains a brand new viewpoint on American attitudes towards Dutch colonial rule and Indonesia’s fight for independence. Drawing on large study in American, Dutch, Indonesian, and Australian diplomatic documents and archival files, in addition to the information of the United international locations, the authors supply a brand new evaluation of the political heritage and altering motive of yankee overseas regulations.
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Extra resources for American visions of the Netherlands East Indies Indonesia: US foreign policy and Indonesian nationalism, 1920-1949
And to colonial subjects living in the Indonesian archipelago who were committed to the project of national independence, it was inconceivable that the formidable political colossus in the New World would not nurture the yearning for freedom among the millions of people in Asia who had suffered from European colonial exploitation for hundreds of years. The intoxicating mantras Indonesia Merdeka (Indonesia Free, Indonesia Independent),Tetap Merdeka (Forever Free,Independence Forever),or Merdeka atau Mati (Freedom or Death), were written on every conceivable surface, even if the hated Japanese military police (Kenpeitai) tried to remove the grafiti and banners as quickly as possible.
Sudarpo also understood that Washington was not the only one who lived on in Americans’ memory as a gallant leader in war and peace and as a champion in the hearts of his countrymen. Although some of them were initially a bit reticent, the rebellion against the mighty forces of King George III proved to be a shared effort on the part of an eclectic group of strong-willed men. While Sudarpo knew that George Washington and Thomas Jefferson were the most beloved members in the pantheon of founding fathers, other flamboyant historical figures such Benjamin Franklin and John Adams had emerged as familiar characters in the historical imagination of many Americans as well.
The creation of the United States of America, after all, had also entailed the severing of colonial ties with a maritime nation located across the English Channel from the Netherlands. Inevitably, the contrasts between the American Declaration of Independence in 1776 and the Indonesian Proklamasi in 1945 were striking. 2 Sukarno and Hatta’s terse communiqué on behalf of the Indonesian people had been cobbled together the night before, during a heated debate with a few fellow nationalists. The lengthy document presented cogent arguments that legitimized the North American colonists’ seizure of freedom.