By Keith Coaley
This available ebook outlines the most important components of mental review and offers case reviews to demonstrate their program, making this an amazing textbook for classes on psychometrics or mental review. The e-book covers the character of review, simple elements, how exams are made, underlying information, reliability and validity, overview of intelligence, skills and character, non-psychometric techniques, in addition to moral concerns and sleek advancements. a last bankruptcy explains how readers can build their very own checks. Wide-ranging case reviews show the diversity of contexts during which evaluate is performed. The author’s readability of writing and use of functional examples all through is helping scholars practice those equipment in perform with self assurance as a part of their experiences on an array of classes.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Psychological Assessment and Psychometrics
First, they may be classified in terms of the method of measurement they use. The broadest of these approaches distinguishes between how people perform in seeking to do their best and how they react to items. qxp 25/11/2009 10:36 AM Page 17 • • • Introduction: Foundations of Psychological Assessment • • • Maximum Performance Measures Measures of maximum performance include tests of ability, aptitude and attainment. As suggested, attainment measures indicate how well a person performs in a particular field following instruction or teaching.
To distinguish between different forms of assessment and how they can be categorized. • The key figures in historical development, including Galton, Binet, Cattell, Anastasi and Kline. • About core characteristics and issues relating to different approaches, including reliability, validity and the differences between states and traits. • About some of the ways in which applied psychologists make use of measures. qxp 25/11/2009 10:46 AM Page 25 2 The Basic Components – Scales and Items Learning Objectives By the end of this chapter you should be able to: • Give an account of the different types of scale and items available for psychological assessment and discuss their advantages and limitations.
Measures of attainment indicate how well a person performs in a particular field following a course of instruction, for example school exams. They tend to be retrospective, looking backwards to knowledge or skills learned, and are influenced by factors such as teaching ability and resources. Ability traits relate to a person’s level of cognitive performance in some area, referring to thinking skills which can predict future potential, rather than just knowledge. Personality traits indicate an individual’s style of behaviour.