By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Analysis of Global Change Assessments
International switch exams tell selection makers concerning the medical underpinnings of various environmental matters, similar to weather switch, stratospheric ozone depletion, and lack of biodiversity. Dozens of checks were carried out up to now by way of a number of U.S. and overseas teams, a lot of them influencing public rules, know-how improvement, and study instructions. This file analyzes strengths and weaknesses of 8 previous checks to notify destiny efforts. universal parts of potent tests comprise robust management, wide engagement with and affected events, a clear science-policy interface, and good outlined verbal exchange innovations. The file identifies eleven crucial components of powerful exams and recommends that destiny tests comprise selection help instruments that utilize info on the local and native point the place judgements are made.
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Extra resources for Analysis of Global Change Assessments: Lessons Learned
5. Assessments have the potential to help identify and clarify key policy-relevant questions or research priorities. If the policy-relevant questions are vague or confused, instruments and models give conflicting results, or there are other serious conflicts in the field, assessments can provide disciplined settings to force confrontations between contending claims, sharpen disagreements, clarify incompatible terminology or concepts, and develop a research agenda to advance knowledge on key policy-relevant questions.
A logical sequence would suggest that a process assessment should be completed before impact and response assessments so that the latter can benefit from the most updated understanding of the processes. In turn, the impact and especially the response assessments can inform assumptions about human activities that should be deployed in subsequent process assessments. However, mandates of many assessments do not allow this phased approach, instead requiring parallel activities. Sequencing activities so that process, impacts, and response assessments are conducted on an iterative cycle may be more effective.
S. Global Change Research Program (GCRP) was developed by the Committee on Earth Sciences, an interagency group under the Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology in the President’s Office of Science and Technology Policy. The GCRP was a Presidential Initiative indicating that it was a high-priority program with strong administrative backing. L. 101-606), which codified the GCRP (see Appendix B). ” The GCRP was originally envisioned as a complete global change research program, covering research on natural climate change, humaninduced climate change, impacts of climate and land-use change on the Earth system, and impacts of human activity on ecosystem health.